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Research highlights from the current issue of Science Magazine
29 Aug
How affordable is biodiversity conservation in a fragmented landscape? Banks-Leite et al. asked this question for the biodiversity hotspot of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. – [Read More]
29 Aug
Householders share more than habitation; they also share inhabitants. In a diverse sample of U.S. homes, Lax et al. found that people and animals sharing homes shared their – [Read More]
29 Aug
Most of us have seen the Pleiades star cluster in the night sky, one of the few groups of physically related stars that are separately visible to the naked eye. In spite of its proximity – [Read More]
29 Aug
Powerful faults in subduction zones, called “megathrust faults,” produce the largest earthquakes on Earth. Gao and Wang use heat flow data to show that when the faults subduct jagged sea – [Read More]
29 Aug
When people domesticate animals, they select for tameness and tolerance of humans. What else do they look for? To identify the selective pressures that led to rabbit domestication, – [Read More]
29 Aug
Sufficient numbers of T cells are required in the body to fight pathogens. To survive, T cells need to receive signals through both the T cell receptor and the interleukin-7 receptor. – [Read More]
29 Aug
Primary cells, derived directly from human tissue, exhibit different behaviors in shape and signaling within three-dimensional (3D) or 2D spaces. When the pressure within the cell increases, – [Read More]
29 Aug
Many people suffer from uncontrolled pain, and new drugs are needed. Zambelli et al. build on the fact that aldehydes—molecules that occur naturally in the body—can cause pai – [Read More]
29 Aug
Unseen planets may still kick up a lot of dust. While rocky exoplanets finish their growth, destructive collisions among them throw off clouds of fine debris that shine bright in the – [Read More]
29 Aug
At some of the coldest temperatures achieved in the laboratory, researchers can coax dilute gases of atoms into becoming a superfluid, with the whole gas behaving as one entity. Bosonic – [Read More]
29 Aug
Laboratory glassware and kitchen cookware alike are made of glass that contains different cations, including boron, sodium, and aluminum. Properties of glass depend on the number and – [Read More]
29 Aug
Despite a well-characterized archaeological record, the genetics of the people who inhabit the Arctic have been unexplored. Raghavan et al. sequenced ancient and modern genomes – [Read More]
29 Aug
Transmitting signals between nerve cells, occuring at structures known as synapses, is critical to processes such as learning and memory. Fast transmission occurs when glutamate is – [Read More]
29 Aug
The hippocampus is a crucial brain area for certain types of memory. Working with humans, Wang et al. found that a specific type of non-invasive brain stimulation improved – [Read More]
29 Aug
Histone proteins form the core packaging material for our genomic DNA, and covalent modifications to amino acid residues in their structure play an important role in the epigenetic – [Read More]
29 Aug
Generating high-affinity antibodies to fight infection is no easy task. To do so requires multiple steps, including T cells interacting with antibody-producing B cells in lymph nodes. – [Read More]
29 Aug
Microorganisms are important drivers of Earth's nitrogen cycle. Many of the organisms responsible for mediating the reactions of one phase of nitrogen to another are thought to be ecologic – [Read More]
29 Aug
El Niño has changed quite a bit over the past 10,000 years. During some periods it was less variable than now, and during others it shifted from its current locale toward the central – [Read More]
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