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Research highlights from the current issue of Science Magazine
26 Jun
Coral reefs are threatened by increasing temperatures. Acute temperature increases stress and damage corals. However, more gradual temperature changes can result in adaptation and subsequent – [Read More]
26 Jun
Lithographic printing of semi-conductors builds up complex patterns one layer at a time. The process involves multiple steps to mask, print, and etch each layer. Luo et al. – [Read More]
26 Jun
Cleaning thin films of light crude oil from the marine environment is a herculean task. Currently, silicone-based compounds are used, which can leave a permanent residue. Inspired by – [Read More]
26 Jun
Chronic disruption of our circadian rhythms—for example, through shift work—may increase the risk of metabolic disease. Zhang et al. found that a multitasking transcription fac – [Read More]
26 Jun
What are the neural elements that transmit threat-relevant inputs in the brain? Shang et al. systematically identified the key neuronal subtypes in the mouse superior colliculus – [Read More]
26 Jun
Low doses of vitamin B12 supplements can help acne, but in higher doses the same supplement can cause acne flare-ups. Why? Kang et al. show that transcriptional changes in – [Read More]
26 Jun
The CRISPR-Cas system in prokaryotes precisely identifies infecting parasitic DNAs and viruses and destroys them. The CRISPR-Cas system has been adapted for facile genome editing, heralding – [Read More]
26 Jun
Photosynthetic organisms protect themselves from too much light using pigment photoswitches that absorb excess energy. Leverenz et al. analyzed the structure of an active, – [Read More]
26 Jun
Previous analyses of global temperature trends during the first decade of the 21st century seemed to indicate that warming had stalled. This allowed critics of the idea of global warming – [Read More]
26 Jun
The growing appetite for an ever-faster Internet and enhanced long-haul communication requires the pumping of more light down optic fibers. However, light-induced nonlinearities limit – [Read More]
26 Jun
As shown in classic fate-mapping studies, tissues and organs arise from specific regions of the embryo. Work over the past few decades has identified molecular players directing this – [Read More]
26 Jun
In the heart, multiple cell types work together. Cardiac progenitor cells give rise to cardiomyocyte, endothelial, or smooth muscle lineages. However, the identity of a marker specific – [Read More]
26 Jun
Interpreting recent experimental results of light interactions with matter shows that the classical Maxwell theory of light has intrinsic quantum spin Hall effect properties even in – [Read More]
26 Jun
Quick and powerful compression can force materials to change their properties dramatically. Knudson et al. compressed liquid deuterium to extreme temperatures and pressures – [Read More]
26 Jun
Marine phytoplankton plays a critical role in the global sulfur cycle. Algae, for instance, are the main source of the aromatic compound dimethylsulfide (DMS) released from the oceans – [Read More]
26 Jun
Chromosomal DNA comes in two flavors—euchromatin, which contains most of the expressed genes, and heterochromatin, which usually remains quiet. But what keeps genes within heterochromatin s – [Read More]
26 Jun
During the first steps of protein synthesis, the small subunit of the ribosome scans the 5′ end of the mRNA, looking for the protein start codon. This process involves one of the t – [Read More]
26 Jun
How do microbial strains and species interact and survive in microbial communities? The answer may help scientists to devise biotechnological processes; e.g., for creating biofuels – [Read More]
26 Jun
Dietary changes that boost good microflora in our gut are of great health interest, but it is unclear how to best sculpt this microbial community to our benefit. In a Perspective, Hinde – [Read More]
26 Jun
The immunosuppressant cyclosporin A (CsA) prevents organ rejection in transplant patients. CsA inhibits the phosphatase calcineurin and prevents the activation of the NFAT transcription – [Read More]
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