Japan seeks stoppage of 100 inefficient coal plants in a decade
Nikkei -- Jul 03
The Japanese government will urge the closure or suspension of about 100 low-efficiency coal-fired power plants in the country by fiscal year 2030 in the face of international pressure for a transition to greener alternatives.

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry will set the policy that urges the closure of low efficiency plants that emit large amounts of carbon dioxide, or CO2.

Japan has 140 coal power plants and around 110 of them are seen as inefficient. About 100 of these, or 90%, will be targeted for closure or suspension.

Nowadays, coal-fired power generation has become more efficient and CO2 emissions have been reduced with technological developments that limit greenhouse gas emissions. Aging facilities that have not adopted such technological progress will be closed or suspended.

METI will set up a conference of experts and come up with concrete methods to close or suspend targeted coal burning plants.

The ministry also assumes that each power company owning a coal power plant will set an upper limit on the amount of generation and will ask operators to reduce their output gradually. The government is also considering introducing an incentive framework to encourage such a move.

While METI plans to maintain and expand high efficiency new power plants, it will promote an environmentally friendly attitude by shuttering low efficiency facilities.

Coal-fired power accounted for 32% of Japan's total power generation in fiscal year 2018, followed by natural gas-fired generation at 38%.

地球温暖化への対応が求められるなか、政府は今後10年間に二酸化炭素を多く出す石炭火力発電所の9割近くの使用をやめる方針を固めました。  国内の石炭火力発電所は140基ありますが、そのうち114基が二酸化炭素を多く出して「非効率」とされています。ヨーロッパを中心に石炭火力への批判は強く、政府は電力各社に非効率な発電を段階的に抑えるよう求め、2030年度までに100基程度を休止や廃止したい考えです。政府はこれまで2030年度も国内の発電量の4分の1程度を石炭火力で賄う方針でしたが、石炭を減らす分、再生可能エネルギーや原子力を増やすことを模索します。
News sources: Nikkei, ANNnewsCH
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